- Acne symptoms
- Types of spots caused by acne
- Other factors negatively affect acne
- Path of disease and diagnosis
- Tips for dealing with acne
- Acne treatment
- Proposal for home remedies for acne
We always liked children’s skin, its soft texture and freshness, and we wished that our skin would continue with these characteristics even when we grow up, but when we reach the stage of adulthood, some hormonal changes occur, which may cause the appearance of some pimples that may make adolescents feel a sense of shame towards them and the desire to remove them because of the impact it may have on their appearance.
What is acne?
Acne is the most common skin disease worldwide. It usually occurs primarily in teenagers during puberty. Where the disease occurs in a variety of forms. Pimples and blackheads usually form on the face, especially on the forehead and chin.
Acne starts when pores on the skin become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Each of the skin pores is connected to a gland that produces an oily substance called sebum. Excess sebum can clog pores, causing bacteria to grow and this triggers the white blood cells’ defense process against the bacteria, resulting in skin inflammation and acne formation. Some cases of acne are more severe than others.
Types of spots caused by acne
Blackheads: They are small black or yellow bumps that appear on the skin, which are not filled with dirt, but are black because the inner lining of the hair follicle produces color.
Whiteheads: They have a similar appearance to blackheads, but they may be stronger and will not empty when pressed.
Pimples: Pimples have a white tip in the middle, caused by the accumulation of pus.
Nodules: large, hard lumps that build up under the surface of the skin and can be painful.
Cysts: The most severe form of acne spots, which are large, pus-filled lumps that resemble boils and carry the greatest risk of causing permanent scarring.
Causes of acne:
It is not just hormones that are responsible for the development of acne. Studies also show that a genetic predisposition in addition to severe emotional stress can support the development of skin disease.
In addition, the fats in cosmetics and ingredients in medicines and some foods can stimulate sebum production or contribute to the process which lead to block hair ducts. Among the medications that can cause acne are the following:
- Psychotherapy drugs
- Vitamins B2, B6, and B12
- Cancer drugs
The course of the disease and the prognosis
In most cases, acne will heal on its own by the age of 25. But there are also cases when the disease lasts longer. Stress can have a powerful effect on the course of a disease. In acute stressful situations, acne can flare up again in older age.
Tips for dealing with acne
- Do not wash the affected areas more than twice a day, as frequent washing can irritate the skin and make symptoms worse.
- Washing the affected area with a gentle soap or cleanser and warm water. Hot or very cold water can make acne worse.
- Blackheads should not be cleaned or squeezed out, as this can make them worse and cause permanent scars.
- Avoid excessive use of makeup and cosmetics.
- It is recommended to remove makeup before going to bed.
- If the skin is dry, a watery, fragrance-free moisturizer can be used.
- Wash hair regularly, lift it, and not let it fall on the face.
The Anti-Bacterial Wash & Care series can help treat mild to moderate forms of acne and is an external remedy for acne. But it may not be effective in severe cases of acne, so if acne persists for a long time, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist.
Exfoliating creams can be helpful in rejuvenating the layers of the skin as they are mostly based on the natural fruit acids, Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA). These include, for example, lactic, citric, malic, and almond. The peeling substance is applied to the affected areas of the skin, where it is left to act for a certain period of time. It exfoliates the upper layers of the skin and prevents keratolytic disorders of the skin. Skin appears fresher and the number of blackheads is reduced. It is important to apply the cream to the skin after using the peeling agent.
Home treatment for acne
Home remedies like tea tree oil or sage oil have been known for a long time. They can often help treat acne.
- Tea tree oil is a natural essential oil that is extracted from the tea tree. It has an anti-bacterial effect and is applied directly to inflamed or reddened skin areas. The disadvantage of tea tree oil is that it smells very strong and can be irritating to the skin.
- Sage oil also works against the bacteria responsible for dermatitis. As part of acne treatment, ten parts of olive oil can be mixed with one part of sage oil. We put a few drops of this mixture on a cotton ball and wipe the inflamed areas with it. Repeat this process several times a day.
- Chamomile steam bath, as it is used for colds, opens the pores and has an anti-inflammatory effect.